Hair Care, Hair and Scalp Treatments, Scalp Massage

Hair Care, Hair and Scalp Treatments, Scalp Massage

Unit 7 – Hair Treatments and Procedure

Hair treatments are intended to treat the hair shaft not the scalp. Corrective hair treatments are recommended for dry, abused and damaged hair. They are also recommended for before and/or after a permanent wave, hair tinting, bleaching or straightening treatment.

There are many different types of hair conditioning treatments. Select the one for the specific condition which needs to be treated. Most of the preparations have penetrating value and show excellent results after the first treatment.

The natural laws of nature do not permit instant healing of broken bones or cuts. The same is true with hair. It is not possible to repair damaged hair instantly. When hair is damaged, it is damaged both on the inside and on the outside. All repairs are temporary.

The cationic substance of hair conditioning products makes a very strong bind to the hair but the bond is not permanent. Most hair conditioning products are composed of substances which have positive charges (cationic). When applied to the hair they neutralize the negative charges (anionic) in the hair. A cationic substance resists removal by hair brushing but it cannot resist removal by shampooing because most shampoos and hair are anionic.

Hair that has had continuous exposure to alkaline products or mixtures lacks the important disulfide bonds. When large amounts of these bonds are missing, the results of a cold wave or a set and the general appearance of the hair will be unsatisfactory.

The ultimate objective is to tighten the cuticle (outer layer of the hair) and restore the hair’s proper moisture content. Hair conditioning products are not effective conditioners unless they provide the hair with moisture and improve the hair’s ability to absorb moisture from the atmosphere.

Procedure for hair treatments

  1. Drape the patron.
  2. Brush the hair.
  3. Shampoo the hair and blot it dry. If the preparation is not water soluble, eliminate shampooing as the third step and shampoo instead of water rinsing as the eighth step.
  4. Apply hair conditioner to the scalp area. Use the same technique as for a scalp treatment. When the application to the scalp is complete, apply the conditioner to the entire hair shaft.
  5. Apply movements 3-7 of the scalp treatment procedure.
  6. Use the heating cap or accelerating machine.
  7. Remove the heating cap or accelerating machine and section the hair into four quadrants. Subsection each quadrant with 1/4-1/2 inch partings. Hold a comb in your right hand. Slide the thumb, index and middle fingers of both hands over the entire length of each hair strand. Begin with the hair nearest the scalp and slide towards the ends. This is achieved with a circular motion. Atart with your left hand and pull and slide upward towards yourself. As your left hand reaches the ends of the strand, your right hand starts again at the scalp area. This is repeated three times on each strand over the entire head.
  8. Rinse the hair, blot it dry and set.

The scalp treatment procedure is the same for all scalp conditions including baldness, premature baldness, unnatural fall of the hair, dry dandruff and oily dandruff. It is important to select and use the hair preparations, tonic, lotion or cream manufactured for the condition you want to treat.

Hair care, hair and scalp treatments, scalp massage: A hair hygiene program designed to preserve the health and beauty of both the hair and scalp.

Overview: This chapter provides you with the necessary information for a complete hair care program. It includes a method of hair treatment as well as scalp treatment and scalp manipulations.

Behavioral objectives-student goals: After completion of this chapter, and after study, instruction and practice, you will be able to perform and demonstrate competency in hair and scalp treaments and scalp massage by demonstrating: a scalp treatment, a hair treatment and scalp manipulations. You will also demonstrate competency by identifying, explaining and/or listing: The anatomy related to scalp treatments, the accessories required for hair and scalp treatments and the application and effects of hair conditioners.

Care of the hair and scalp constitutes one of the most important services that the cosmetologist offers. Many men and women neglect hair and scalp hygiene because they are not educated about the seriousness of this need. Today, however, people are more conscious of their hair and scalp. The cosmetologist, therefore, should be prepared to recognize individual needs and provide whatever service may be necessary.

Product knowledge is an important part of hair and scalp care. One must know the correct product, the method of application and the type of service to perform in order to treat a specific condition. As a successful hairdresser and cosmetologist, you will be required to make product knowledge an important part of your practice.

Scalp treatments are recommended for the normal healthy person in order to preserve the natural health and beauty of the hair. Avoid scalp treatments immediately before:

1. A permanent wave

2. A hair coloring applications

3. A hair straightening treatment

Sanitary and safety precautions for hair care, hair and scalp treatments, scalp massage

  1. Read and follow the product manufacturer’s directions.
  2. Omit scalp treatments before cold waving, hair coloring and chemical straightening.
  3. Do not use metal items together with a heating cap.
  4. When using a heating cap, use a low setting on sensitive heads.
  5. Always cover the hair with a plastic covering before using a heating cap.
  6. Sanitize implements before each use.
  7. Check all electrical appliances for safe wiring.


The most important aspects of disinfection are the removal of forgiegn matter (loose hair, dandruff, etc.) and a good scrubbing of the instruments and hands with warm soap and warm water followed by a thorough rinsing. Instuments must be totally immersed in 70 % isopropyl alcohol or other E.P.A. Approved disinfectant for a minimum of 10 minutes, Then wiped dry before use. These procedures should also be used before disinfecting implements prior to storage for reuse.