Hair Care, Hair and Scalp Treatments, Scalp Massage

Hair Care, Hair and Scalp Treatments, Scalp Massage

Unit 1 – Hair Brushes and Brushing

Hair brushes and brushing

The health and beauty of the hair reflect the condition of the scalp. Hair cannot look healthy unless the scalp is also in a healthy condition.

Natural bristle hair brush (Hair hygiene): Tiny imbrications clean and polish hair.

Nylon bristle hair brush (Hair styling): Shiny and smooth bristles act like a fine-toothed comb.

Scalp treatments help preserve the health and beauty of both the hair and scalp. Healthy hair needs frequent brushing, scalp manipulations and shampooing. Brushing the hair with a good natural bristle hair brush will stimulate the scalp, clean and polish the hair. Remember that the purpose of a hair brush is indicated by its name: use it to brush the hair, not the scalp. When a treatment requires the use of a brush on the scalp, use a brush which is designed for use on the scalp.

A natural bristle hair brush is recommended for hair hygiene and for professional hair and scalp treatments. Natural bristle has many tiny imbrications which clean and polish hair. A nylon bristle is shiny and smooth and recommended only for hairdressing and blow-dry styling.

Brushing the hair and scalp prior to hair or scalp treatment is very important. It removes tangles, loose  dandruff, oil and dust particles from the hair. It also provides stimulation of the nerves, muscles and glands of the scalp. It increases the circulation of the blood which, in turn, nourishes the scalp tissues.

Hair care, hair and scalp treatments, scalp massage: A hair hygiene program designed to preserve the health and beauty of both the hair and scalp.

Overview: This chapter provides you with the necessary information for a complete hair care program. It includes a method of hair treatment as well as scalp treatment and scalp manipulations.

Behavioral objectives-student goals: After completion of this chapter, and after study, instruction and practice, you will be able to perform and demonstrate competency in hair and scalp treaments and scalp massage by demonstrating: a scalp treatment, a hair treatment and scalp manipulations. You will also demonstrate competency by identifying, explaining and/or listing: The anatomy related to scalp treatments, the accessories required for hair and scalp treatments and the application and effects of hair conditioners.

Care of the hair and scalp constitutes one of the most important services that the cosmetologist offers. Many men and women neglect hair and scalp hygiene because they are not educated about the seriousness of this need. Today, however, people are more conscious of their hair and scalp. The cosmetologist, therefore, should be prepared to recognize individual needs and provide whatever service may be necessary.

Product knowledge is an important part of hair and scalp care. One must know the correct product, the method of application and the type of service to perform in order to treat a specific condition. As a successful hairdresser and cosmetologist, you will be required to make product knowledge an important part of your practice.

Scalp treatments are recommended for the normal healthy person in order to preserve the natural health and beauty of the hair. Avoid scalp treatments immediately before:

1. A permanent wave

2. A hair coloring applications

3. A hair straightening treatment

Sanitary and safety precautions for hair care, hair and scalp treatments, scalp massage

  1. Read and follow the product manufacturer’s directions.
  2. Omit scalp treatments before cold waving, hair coloring and chemical straightening.
  3. Do not use metal items together with a heating cap.
  4. When using a heating cap, use a low setting on sensitive heads.
  5. Always cover the hair with a plastic covering before using a heating cap.
  6. Sanitize implements before each use.
  7. Check all electrical appliances for safe wiring.


The most important aspects of disinfection are the removal of forgiegn matter (loose hair, dandruff, etc.) and a good scrubbing of the instruments and hands with warm soap and warm water followed by a thorough rinsing. Instuments must be totally immersed in 70 % isopropyl alcohol or other E.P.A. Approved disinfectant for a minimum of 10 minutes, Then wiped dry before use. These procedures should also be used before disinfecting implements prior to storage for reuse.